Telecommunication

 

The era of 5G and IoT means both opportunities and challenges for telecom operators. While the new network technologies can bring new business opportunities, there are challenges that should not be overlooked. First, with the explosion of Internet consumption from mobile devices, telecom operators have adopted Carrier-Grade NAT (CG-NAT), a large-scale NAT measure for the transition from IPv4 to IPv6, in order to accommodate the exploding demands for IP addresses. Secondly, intense competition among the industry and OTT have put pressure on the profitability of telecom operators. Therefore, convergence is the trend for next-generation telecom network architecture.

The availability of 5G in 2020 presents both opportunities and challenges for the business world. 5G is promised to enable machine learning, IIoT (Industrial Internet of Things), IoV (Internet of Vehicles), AR/VR and network slicing; however, there are stakes for enterprises that plan to deploy this technology. The availability of 5G in many countries lies in the monetary and technological capabilities of their telecom conglomerates, but they are facing challenges.

In order to accommodate the escalating growth of data on the Internet, the networking infrastructure has undergone a revolutionizing transformation to redefine network compute and topology, in order to enhance bandwidth and reduce latency, while keeping operational expense in check. Meanwhile, the trends of IoT/IIoT, 5G, edge cloud and MEC (multi-access edge computing) have driven enterprises to migrate applications from the cloud to the edge. However, some edge computing devices are still based on traditional hardware will one day be inadequate to enable or maintain multi-Tbps QoE (quality of experience) and QoS (quality of service), and eventually additional expenses will arise. Thus, enterprises shall seek long-run, programmable instead of fixed interconnect technologies to enable intelligent and high-performance network traffic for MEC infrastructure.

The growing use of mobile devices at work has contributed to the transformation of enterprise networks. One of the first dynamic trend was BYOD (bring your own device) as this concept offered significant economical benefits for enterprises. However, there are security and compatibility challenges. Therefore, VDI (virtual desktop infrastructure) has emerged to address new challenges in enterprise networking.

The HEVC video encoding (High Efficiency Video Coding), also known as H.265 or MPEG Part 2, is developed to succeed the widely adopted H.264 standards. HEVC offers much enhanced coding efficiency to support up to 8K UHD to meet today’s high demands for video resolutions. Today, content providers driven by IPTV and OTT platforms have quickly taken advantages of this next-generation video transcoding technology to improve their broadcasting services and user experience.

Nowadays cyber threats have evolved to be highly sophisticated and often bypassed traditional malware detection through advanced masking and hiding of malicious intent. In order to mitigate such vulnerability, there is an increasing number of enterprises adopting sandboxing approach.

As enterprises have relied more and more on cloud applications, network outages can be a great deal of pain in both financial and reputation aspects. In fact, due to the increasing uses of mobile devices and wireless connections, communication service providers (CSPs) have been seeking network changes to upgrade their infrastructures in order to meet emerging demands and assure quality of service (QoS).

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